Chapter XII: 6-7
|But to those who worship me,
renouncing all actions in me, regarding me as the supreme goal, meditating on me with
To those whose minds are set on me, Oh Arjuna, verily I become ere long the savior from the ocean of samsara.
Upasate has been translated into "worship." Literally, it means "sitting near." The devotee always feels that God is close to him - the unseen, but mysteriously experienced presence, feebly comparable to the experience of the fragrance of a rose. He constantly inhales the fragrance or aroma of holiness. The fragrance emanates from a flower, and the flower has a name; the living presence is often attributed to a form, and the form given a name. That is part of the ananya yoga described here, where the relationship between the omnipresent God, the devotee (and all other persons) is one of non-division.
The other part consists in single-minded devotion: in performing all actions for God's sake (which is really what the word samnyasya in the text means), for he, not the work or its rewards, is our supreme goal. The devotee is ever active yet never forgets God. The catalyst that achieves these has already been described - it is "seeing God in all." Most important for this are the spirit of inquiry and inner tranquility of the mind.
The yogi here does not deny offhand the validity of sense-perceptions; he sees through them. He does not shut his eyes to name and form, but he perceives their underlying substratum and essence and recognizes that that essence has charmingly clothed itself in the name and form. If God has chosen to appear to him in that mask or personality, he lovingly greets him in that form; taking care, of course, to greet God-in-the-form and not the form itself for its own sake. This prevents him from slipping into the void or into lethargy.
In that love the truth is born, and with it, liberation and peace. The yogi is released from the ocean of samsara.
Web Editor's Notes